Humanities Citation Style Essay Format

The Chicago Manual of Style actually presents two different styles of documentation and citation: the humanities style, which uses notes and a bibliography, and the author-date system. As the name suggests, humanities style is more common for writing in the arts, literature, and related disciplines, while author-date is found more frequently, though not exclusively, in the natural and social sciences. "Turabian" is a version of the humanities style intended for student papers found in Kate Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertions.

  • Chicago manual of style online
    Online version of the newest; Ebook style info begins in Chapter 14, section 166
  • Chicago manual of style
    15th edition. Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 2003.
    Olin Reference, Art Reference, Law Reference Z253 .U69 2003
  • Chicago/Turabian Documentation
    Guide from the Writing Center at the University of Madison
  • Google Scholar
    The Cite link in search results gives MLA, APA, and Chicago style references. More inf.

Published music scores are cited like books and book chapters. For more information see: Chicago Manual of Style, 14.269


Music Recording

For more information see: Chicago Manual of Style, 14.276

Format

note:

2. Composer, Performer, or Conductor First Name Last Name, Album Title, Record Label Catalog Number, Year, Medium.

bibliography:

Composer, Performer, or Conductor Last Name, First Name. Album Title. Record Label Catalog Number, Year. Medium.

Example

2. Virginia Eskin, Fluffy Ruffle Girls: Women in Ragtime, Northeastern Records NR 9003-CD, 1992, compact disc.

Eskin, Virginia. Fluffy Ruffle Girls: Women in Ragtime. Northeastern Records NR 9003-CD, 1992. compact disc.


Film

For more information see: Chicago Manual of Style, 14.279

Format

note:

3. Film Title, directed by Director First Name Last Name (Original Film Release Year; Place: Studio/Distributor, Release Year of Medium Used), Medium.

bibliography:

Film Title. Directed by Director First Name Last Name. Original Film Release Year. Place: Studio/Distributor, Release Year of Medium Used. Medium.

Example

3.Thelma & Louise, directed by Ridley Scott (1991; Santa Monica, CA: MGM Home Entertainment, 2004), DVD.

Thelma & Louise. Directed by Ridley Scott. 1991. Santa Monica, CA: MGM Home Entertainment, 2004. DVD.


Online Video

For more information see: Chicago Manual of Style, 14.280

The format of citations depends on the information available. Generally, include details about the original published source (if applicable) and details related to the digitized copy such as source type, length, and where it is posted. See the two examples of format below.

Format

note:

4. Video Creator First Name Last Name, Video Title (Original Production Company, Original Release Year), from Provider of Online Video, Source Type, Running Time, URL.

5. "Video Clip Title," Source Type, Running Time, from Original Performance or Source, posted by Name of Person/Organization, Date Posted, URL.

bibliography:

Video Creator Last Name, First Name. Video Title. Original Production Company, Original Release Year. From Provider of Online Video. Source Type, Running Time. URL.

"Video Clip Title." Source Type, Running Time. From Original Performance or Source. Posted by Name of Person/Organization, Date Posted. URL.

Examples

4. U.S. Federal Civil Defense Administration, Duck and Cover (Archer Productions, 1951), from Internet Archive, Prelinger Archives, MPEG video, 9:15, http://archive.org/details/DuckandC1951.

5. "TNC:172 Kennedy-Nixon First Presidential Debate, 1960" YouTube video, 58:34, from televised debate September 26, 1960, posted by John F. Kennedy Library Foundation, September 21, 2010, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gbrcRKqLSRw.

"TNC:172 Kennedy-Nixon First Presidential Debate, 1960." YouTube video, 58:34. From televised debate September 26, 1960. Posted by John F. Kennedy Library Foundation, September 21, 2010. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gbrcRKqLSRw.

U.S. Federal Civil Defense Administration. Duck and Cover. Archer Productions, 1951. From Internet Archive, Prelinger Archives. MPEG video, 9:15. http://archive.org/details/DuckandC1951.


Television

For more information see: Chicago Style Q & A

Format

note:

6. TV Show Title, episode no. Number, first broadcast Date by Network, directed by Director First Name Last Name and written by Writer First Name Last Name.

bibliography:

TV Show Title. Episode no. Number, first broadcast Date by Network. Directed by Director First Name Last Name and written by Writer First Name Last Name.

Example

6.Jane the Virgin, episode no. 1-1, first broadcast October 13, 2014 by The CW, directed by Brad Silberling and written by Jennie Snyder Urman.

Jane the Virgin. Episode no. 1-1, first broadcast October 13, 2014 by The CW. Directed by Brad Silberling and written by Jennie Snyder Urman.


Image

For more information see: CMOS Shop Talk

Format

note:

7. Artist/Photographer First Name Last Name,Title of the Work, Year Created, Medium, Size, Institution Where Original Held, accessed Date Accessed, URL.

bibliography:

Images are not usually included in a bibliography.

If the image was accessed in a book or library database, replace access date and URL with book citation or database name. Use the information about the work provided in the source you used.

Examples

7. Edgar Degas, The Dance Class, 1874, oil on canvas, 32 7/8 x 30 3/8 in., Metropolitan Museum of Art, accessed May 15, 2015, http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/438817.

8. Hilaire-Germain-Edgar Degas, The Dance Class, probably 1874, oil on canvas, 32 3/4 x 30 1/4 in., Metropolitan Museum of Art, ArtStor.

9. Edgar Degas, The Dance Class, 1875-1876, oil on canvas, 33 x 31 3/4 in., Metropolitan Museum of Art, in Anne Dayez, Michel Hoog, and Charles S. Moffett, eds., Impressionism: A Centenary Exhibition, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, December 12, 1974-February 10, 1975 (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1974.), 105.

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