Abdul Kalam History Essay

Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

“Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, popularly known as “Missile Man” born in a middle class family, seen and faced problems and hardships of middle class, never daunted and depressed of failures rose to the height of first citizen of India, the president of India, a visionary, a pragmatist, a poet a good human being, a complete man. He is the architect of India’s integrated missile development programme, recipient of Bharat Ratna, a rare example today’s world, where most of the people are engulfed by mediocrity, hypocrisy, corruption, the likes Dr. Kalam want to conserve”. Born on 15th October 1931 At Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu, Dr. Aal Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul kalam, specialized in Aeronautical Engineering from Madras Institute of Technology. Dr. Kalam made significant contribution as Project Director to Develop India’s first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III) which successfully injected the Rohini Satellite in the near earth orbit in July 1980 and made India an exclusive member of Space Club.

Dr. Kalamis religious to a fault and is a rapacious reader of both Bhawad Gita and the Kuran of the great Tamil Saint Tirvuallurvar. He always shares his achievements and success with his teachers and colleagues. When the award of Bharat Ratna was bestowed on Dr. Kalam, for his splendid achievements, he said, “I couldn’t have done it by myself. Behind me there were thousands of scientists. I only shaped the programme.” In a span of 14 years, he lined up Prithvi, Agni, Trishul, Akash, and Nag and finished the long pending Arjun Project, pushed forward with an indigenous aircraft engine Kaveri. He vowed to make India self-reliant in military war fare by 2005 AD. An apostle of unparalleled genius, he never took excuses of lack of funds or lack of cooperation etc. in the glorified path of achieving his goal. This dreamer of making India a super power, tells his countrymen and colleagues: “Dream, dream, dream and dream. Turn the dream into thoughts and thoughts will transform into action.”

Earnestly proud of his heritage, Dr. Kalam asks the people of India, to discover the untapped strength. Let the Indians now totally delink from the legacy of the past, hear this inspiring revelation: India made the world’s first rocket, says Dr. Kalam in annotation to one of this poems. These rockets are laced in the British War Museum. Small tube with gun powder, tiny nozzle and warhead (a carved sword) which were used in defeating the British army at the battle of Srirangapatnam, by Tipu Sultan.

He always exhorted the people, “We must think and act like a nation of a billion people and not  like a nation of a million people”.

After becoming President. Dr. Kalam has been doing a very pious task of exhorting and encouraging the youth, to rise to the occasion and never felt shy of failures, have faith in Almighty and work hard to achieve whatever you like to achieve in your life. Dr. Kalam has become a source of unending inspiration to the youth of today. He is very popular among the children, among the youth and among the matured citizen throughout the country.

When the developed countries, the super powers, stuffed with arrogance because of the unlatching might they possess, jeered at country, struggling to arrange basic needs of the people and depending for arms on them, to defend its sovereignty, Dr. Kalam, rallied the intelligentsia and scientists together to realize the ambition of integrated Guided Missile Programme.

Dr. Kalam, like very great man, never feel depressed or distressed with the failures, he always move forward with full dedication and devotion to the task he enjoined upon. He quotes an example of his life, that when he came out of HAL (Hindustan Aeronauticals Ltd) as a graduate for a career in the Indian Air Force. He was called for the interview in Dehardun and stood ninth in the batch of 25, but only eight got selection. Disappointed with the failure, he visited the pilgrim centre of Rishikesh where he met Swami Shivananda and introduced himself to Swamiji. He narrated him his story of disappointment. Swamiji told him, “Accept your destiny and go ahead with your life. You are not destined to become an Air Force Pilot. What you are destined to become is not revealed now but it is predetermined. Forget this failure s it is essential to lead you along your destined path. Search instead for the true purpose of your life. Become one with yourself, my son!” None, not even Dr. Kalam himself could imagine that the was predestined to become the Missile Man of India, recipient of the highest civilian award “Bharat Ratna” and thereafter the President of the largest democracy of the world. Dr. Kalam is a living ideal personality, an undying inspiration to the yound generation, always exhorting them not to be daunted by the failures and work hard with fullest dedication; devotion and sincerity, Success with positively crowns your head.

In 1962, while addressing the Rice University in Houston, then President of USA, John F. Kennedy proclaimed about Dr. Kalam; “If history teaches us anything, it is than man, in his quest for knowledge and progress, is determined and cannot be deterred”.

Dr. Avil Pakir Jalaluddin Abdul Kalam, the present President of India, popularly known as Missile Man of India, is also known for his zest for life and pursuits that might make other scientists astonished. An reader, a lover of classical music and a poet of Tamil, a great scientist, a religiously theist personality and what not, he can be termed as an ideal person, enviable by all. A leading columnist wrote about Dr. Kalam that “India needs a Kalam in every Institution.”

It was the devotion and dedication of Dr. Kalam. That within a span of two decades, he slung the country into the cadres of so called mighty nations like USA, U.K. France, Russia and China in the arena of modern warfare all blissfully with total indigenous technologies, directing nd guiding a team of 7000 brilliant, dedicated scientists and researcher at 50 laboratories of the DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation).

In his literary pursuit four of Dr. Kalam’s books – “Wings of Fire”, “India 2020-Avision for the New Millennium”, “My journey” and “Ignited Minds-Unleashing the power within Inda” have become household names in India and among the Indian nationals abroad. These books have been translated in many Indian Languages.

India is indebted to Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam and proud of such a brilliant and complete man.

We have provided various essay on APJ Abdul Kalam in order to help students. Now-a-days, essay writing competitions have been very common in the schools and colleges to enhance the skill and knowledge of students about any topic. All the APJ Abdul Kalam essay are written using very simple words under various words limit according to the need and requirement of students. Students can select any of the essays given below according to their class standard:

Essay on APJ Abdul Kalam

APJ Abdul Kalam Essay 1 (100 words)

APJ Abdul Kalam is popularly known as Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam. He lives in Indian people’s heart as the Missile Man of India and People’s President. Actually he was a great scientist who invented many new inventions. He was the former President of India who born on 15th of October in 1931 (in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu) however died on 27th of July in 2015 (in Shillong, Meghalaya, India). His father name was Jainulabudeen and mother name was Ashiamma. His full name was Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam. He never got married to anyone. He was a great man who has been awareded with the awards like Bharat Ratna (in 1997), Padma Vibhushan (in 1990), Padma Bhushan (in 1981), Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration (in 1997), Ramanujan Award (in 2000), King Charles II Medal (in 2007), International von Karman Wings Award (in 2009), Hoover Medal (in 2009), etc.

APJ Abdul Kalam Essay 2 (150 words)

Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was really a true legend for the youngsters of the country. He has inspired the new generation of the country through his whole life, career, workings and writings. He still lives in the heart of Indian people as the People’s President and Missile Man. He was a scientist and an aerospace engineer who closely linked to the India’s missile programme. He later served the country as 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. The full name of APJ abdul Kalam was Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam.

He was born on 15th of October in 1931 at Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu and died on 27th of July in 2015 at Shillong, Meghalaya, India. After his graduation from the Madras Institute of Technology, he joined the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO). He has worked under a legendary space scientist, Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai (father of India’s space programme). He later became the project director in 1969 of India’s first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle, SLV-III.

APJ Abdul Kalam Essay 3 (200 words)

The full name of Dr. APJ abdul Kalam was Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam. He is popularly known as the Missile Man of India and People’s President. He was born in a poor Tamil Muslim family on 15th of October in 1931 at Rameshwaram, Ramnad district of Madras presidency under British India (currently in Ramanathapuram District, Tamil Nadu). He was a great scientist who also served the country as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. After completing his term of presidency, he returned to the civilian life of writing, education, and public service. He worked at various chief positions at ISRO and DRDO then became a Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government Of India as a Cabinet Minister.

He has been honored with the honorary doctorates by at least 30 universities as well as three highest civilian awards of the country (Padma Bhushan 1981, Padma Vibhushan 1990 and Bharat Ratna 1997). He was a great personality and inspiration to the youngsters of country who took his last breath at IIM, Meghalaya on 27th of July in 2015 because of the sudden cardiac arrest. He is not present among us physically however his great works and contributions would be with us forever. He has mentioned his dream of making India a developed country in his book “India 2020-A vision for the New Millennium”.

APJ Abdul Kalam Essay 4 (250 words)

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was a Missile Man of India. He is popularly known as the People’s President of India. His full name was Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam. He was a great scientist and 11th President of India. He was born in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, in a poor Tamil Muslim family on 15th of October in 1931 to the Jainulabudeen and Ashiamma. He started supporting his family financially in his early age. He has completed his graduation from the St Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli in 1954 and Aerospace Engineering from the Madras Institute of Technology, Chennai in 1960.

He joined the DRDO (Defense Research and Development Organization) as a scientist where he designed a small helicopter for the Indian Army. He also worked under Dr. Vikram Sarabhai as part of INCOSPAR committee. Later, he joined the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in 1969 as project director of India’s first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III). Because of his great contributions for the development of ballistic missiles in India, he will be forever known as the “Missile Man of India”. The successful Pokhran-II nuclear tests of 1998 have also involved his important role.

He has been the third President of India who awarded with the Bharat Ratna (first Dr. Sarvapali Radhakrishnan 1954 and second Dr. Zakir Hussain 1963). He has also been awarded with the Padma Bhushan in 1981 and Padma Vibhushan in 1990 for his contributions at ISRO and DRDO as well as the Government of India as a scientific advisor. He has written many books such as Wings of Fire, Ignited Minds, Target 3 Billion in 2011, Turning Points, India 2020, My Journey, etc.

APJ Abdul Kalam Essay 5 (300 words)

The full name of APJ Abdul Kalam was Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam. He has been the luminous star in the Indian history as the Missile Man and People’s President. He was born on 15th of October in 1931 in Tamil Nadu. His life was full of struggle however has been an inspiration to the new generation of India. He was a person who dreamed about India of being a developed country. For which he has quoted that “You have to dream before your dreams can come true”. His immense interest in flight made him able to fulfill his dream of being an Aeronautical Engineering. Instead of being from a poor family, he never discontinued his education. He has completed his graduation in Science from St. Joseph’s College in Tiruchirappalli and Aeronautical Engineering from the Madras Institute of Technology in 1954.

He joined DRDO as a senior scientific assistant in 1958 where a small team, developing a prototype hover- craft, was headed by him. Because of the lack of exciting response from the hovercraft programme, he joined the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). He is widely famous as the “Missile Man of India” as he contributed a lot in developing ballistic missiles and space rocket technology. He was the driving force behind country in developing the defence technologies. His great contributions have brought our country into the group of nuclear nations.

He was a notable scientist and an engineer who also served the country as 11th President from 2002 to 2007. Pokhran-II nuclear test of 1998 also has his dedicated involvement. He was the man of vision and full of ideas who always aimed at development of country. He has highlighted the action plans about country development by 2020 in his book titled as “India-2020”. According to him, the real asset of the country is its youth that’s why he has always motivated and inspired them. He said that, “The nation requires role models in leadership who can inspire youngsters”.


APJ Abdul Kalam Essay 6 (400 words)

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was a scientist who later became the 11th President of India and served the country from 2002 to 2007. He was the most respected person of the country as he contributed immensely to the country as a scientist and as a president. His contributions to the Indian Space Research Organization are unforgettable. Numerous projects were headed by him such as launch of the Rohini-1, Project Devil and Project Valiant, developing missiles (under missions Agni and Prithvi), etc. For his great contributions in improving the nuclear power of India, he is popularly known as the “Missile Man of India”. He has been honored with the highest civilian awards for his dedicated works. After completing his service to the government of India as President, he served the country as a visiting professor at various valued institutes and universities.

His Career and Contributions

He was born to the Jainulabdeen and Ashiamma on 15th of October in 1931. The financial conditions of his family was little poor so he started supporting his family financially in his early age. He started earning money to support his family however never gave up on his education. He completed his graduation in 1954 from Saint Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli and aerospace engineering from Madras Institute of Technology. After his graduation, he joined Aeronautical Development Establishment of Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) as a chief scientist however; soon he shifted to the Indian Space Research Organization as a project director of India’s first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle. He also worked as a Chief Executive of Integrated Guided Missile Development Program which involved in simultaneous development of a quiver of missiles.

He also became the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Prime Minister from 1992 to 1999 and Secretary of Defence Research and Development Organization. He was called as the “Missile Man of India” after his successful contribution as the Chief Project Coordinator for Pokhran II nuclear tests. He was the first scientist who served as the President of India from 2002 to 2007 without any political background.

He wrote many inspirational books such as “India 2020”, “Ignited Minds”, “Mission India”, “The Luminous Sparks”, “Inspiring Thoughts”, etc. In order to beat the corruption in country he launched a mission for youths named “What Can I Give Movement”. He served as visiting professor in various universities and institutes of the country (Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad and Indore, etc), as Chancellor of Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology Thiruvananthapuram, JSS University (Mysore), Aerospace Engineering at Anna University (Chennai), etc. He has been awarded with the awards like Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan, Bharat Ratna, Indira Gandhi Award, Veer Savarkar Award, Ramanujan Award and many more.


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