RMS Titanic was a British steamship built by the White Star Line company. It was the second of the three twin liners, such as Olympic, then the largest passenger ocean liner in the world. During her first voyage at night April 14, 1912, Titanic collided with an iceberg and sank within 2 hours and 40 minutes. There were 1,316 passengers and 908 crew members on board. Only 711 of them were rescued. This disaster has become one of the biggest disasters of the last century occurred in peacetime.
Titanic was laid March 31, 1909 at the shipyards of the Harland and Wolff shipbuilding company in Queens Island (Belfast, Northern Ireland). It was an expensive shipyard, but performed almost all of the work independently and was famous for its excellent quality.
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Titanic, whose length was 268.98 m and width – 28.2 m, was equipped with two four-cylinder steam engines driving external propellers, and a steam turbine driving a middle propeller. The combined capacity of this power plant was equal to 50,000 horses. At full power, Titanic could reach 24-25 knots.
The liner had four pipes. The diameter of each was 7.3 m and the height was 18.5 m. The first three pipes withdrew smoke from the boilers. The fourth one, located over the turbine compartment, served as an exhaust fan. The fourth pipe was exceptionally cosmetic to give the ship a more powerful look.
In the engine room, there were 29 159 coal-fired boilers and furnaces.
In accordance with the formal requirements of the acting British Merchant Shipping Code, the steamer had 20 lifeboats, which was enough to fit 1,178 people, i.e., 50% of passengers and crew members. One lifeboat could accommodate 65 people.
The liner had a double bottom, of which the inner was located buy propecia pharmacy about five feet above the keel and took 9/10 the length of the vessel, leaving free only small areas at the bow and stern. The boilers, reciprocating steam engines, steam turbines, and generators were installed and firmly fixed on the steel plates, the remaining space was used for cargo, coal, and tanks with drinking water. In the engine room section, the inner bottom was 2.1 m high above the keel, which increased protection with the damaged outer. The liner shocked contemporaries with its innovative technology and luxury, and became a materialized dream of the man ruling the ocean.
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Ships and ocean liners have been man made all throughout history, but one stands out from the rest, the Titanic. It has been a mystery to many how the accidental sinking occurred and why the ship is on the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean. In 1912, an Olympic-class ship, the Titanic, set sail for the United States. At the time, it was the largest and most luxurious passenger liner of its kind. The Royal Mail Ship Titanic was and perhaps still is one of the most captivating and legendary steamships that was built in the twentieth century, due to its ironic maiden and only voyage.
The plan for the lavish liner first came about during 1907, but the construction of the Titanic did not commence until March 31, 1909. The shipbuilding company, Harland and Wolff, was over the production of the ship in Belfast, Ireland. ("Was the Titanic Construction Responsible for her Sinking?" 1) The company, owned by Lord Pirrie, had to make shipyard adjustments in order to hold the Titanic and her sister ship, the Olympic. The principle designer of the Titanic was Thomas Andrews. "At the time, the construction methods used in the building of the Titanic were considered to be second to none." (1) It was intended to cater to the elite class and be the largest ship on the water. The building of the ship was completed three years later and it cost around seven and a half million dollars. Even while it
was being constructed, the White Star Line stated the ship was unsinkable. (1)
The Titanic's hull consisted of sixteen watertight compartments and for this very reason others believed the ship was unsinkable. If two of the middle or four of the front compartments flooded, the ship...