Presentation on theme: "Cause and Effect Essays. Cause and Effect It’s simple, just four paragraphs: Introduction Causes Effects Conclusion."— Presentation transcript:
1 Cause and Effect Essays
2 Cause and Effect It’s simple, just four paragraphs: Introduction Causes Effects Conclusion
3 First Paragraph Introduction: One or two introductory sentences Thesis statement
4 Second Paragraph Causes: Topic sentence introducing causes First cause – Supporting info: one or more sentences Second cause – Supporting info: one or more sentences
5 Third Paragraph Effects: Topic sentence introducing effects First effect – Supporting info: one or more sentences Second effect – Supporting info: one or more sentences
6 Fourth Paragraph Conclusion (at least two of the following): Restatement of causes Restatement of effects Proposed solutions Look to future
7 Let’s Put Together an Essay! I’ll give you the pieces, you arrange them into an essay
8 Sample Essay: Paragraph 1 Introduction In the past people used to eat healthy, freshly prepared food with their families in the home. Today however, many people prefer to eat fast food such as hamburgers, fried chicken, or pizza. There are many reasons why this change has occurred, but fast-food also has some serious effects on individuals and society. Past Present
9 Sample Essay: Paragraph 2 Causes There are many reasons for the popularity of fast food. One of the main reasons is the change in lifestyle. Many people are working long hours or extended school days. They don’t have time to prepare good food. Women are now starting to work, and this can result in less time being available for preparing meals. Another cause is the huge number of young, affluent people. The rapid development of the country has meant that young people, have more money to spend. Topic Sentence Supporting Info
10 Sample Essay: Paragraph 3 Effects However, this change in diet can have some serious effects. One effect is on health. Many individuals are becoming fat. These people will be less productive and have conditions such as heart disease and diabetes. Another result of fast food is the loss of the family tradition of eating together. Children and adults rarely eat together now, and thus get less opportunity to talk. Topic Sentence Supporting Info
11 Sample Essay: Paragraph 4 Conclusion In conclusion, fast food, although it is convenient, can have serious health and social effects. People should learn to choose fast food carefully and remember the pleasure of eating good food in good company.
12 To explain reasons and results, we can use: As a result, As a consequence, Consequently, One reason why... One of the most important reasons why... The main reasons why... There are other reasons, too, Some Language … from http://www.buowl.boun.edu.tr/students/types%20of%20essays/Cause%20and%20effect%20Essay.htm So, Since As, Because
13 Topics 1.Air pollution in China 2.The global economic crisis 3.Over population 4.Noise pollution 5.Computer revolution 6.Overuse of the internet 7.Growth of cities in China 8.Unaffordable housing in China
14 Do’s and Don’ts Do: Use the new template Essay Template.doc on the essay-writing page of the TUSTCLASS2010 Essay Writing page Write in third person: use it, they, their, them Look at the sample essays Look at the IELTS Writing Problems-Key.pdf on the TUSTCLASS2010 Better Writing page
15 Do’s and Don’ts Don’t: Use first person: I, we Use second person: you Use “nowadays” or “In a word” and then write more than 1-3 words
16 … and more Do’s Do check very carefully for Deadly Sins Do check grammar – I will be marking it more carefully this time
17 Due Dates Classes 42 and 43: Wednesday, April 6 Class 41: Thursday, April 7 Class 44: Friday, April 8
18 Cause and Effect Rubric Deadly Sins (-10 pts. each) Spelling, capitalization, etc., errors___ TUST standards errors___ Late: -10 for each day___ Content (10 pts. each) Intro: Intro. topic, Thesis Statement___ Cause 1 & supporting info___ Cause 2 & supporting info___ Effect 1 & supporting info___ Effect 2 & supporting info___ Conclusion: ___ Organization (10 pts. each) Ideas follow logically___ Statements are relevant to the topic___ Mechanics (20 pts.) Grammar, usage, punctuation:___
What is a Cause and Effect Essay?
A cause and effect essay is the type of paper that author is using to analyze the causes and effects of a particular action or event. A curriculum usually includes this type of exercise to test your ability to understand the logic of certain events or actions.
If you can see the logic behind cause and effect in the world around you, you will encounter fewer problems when writing. If not, writing this kind of paper will give you the chance to improve your skillset and your brain’s ability to reason.
“Shallow men believe in luck or in circumstance. Strong men believe in cause and effect.”
― Ralph Waldo Emerson
In this article, we’ll find out how to create an outline for your cause and effect essay – the key to successful essay writing.
Types of the Cause and Effect Essay
Before writing this kind of essay, you need to draft the structure. A good structure will result in a good paper, so it’s important to have a plan before you start. But remember, there’s no need to reinvent the wheel: just about every type of structure has already been formulated by someone.
If you are still unsure about the definition of the essay, find that out with our guide: What is an Essay?
Generally speaking, there are three types of cause and effect essays. We usually differentiate them by the number of and relationships between the causes and the effects. Let’s take a quick look at the various kinds:
Many causes, one effect
This kind of essay illustrates how different causes can lead to one effect. The idea here is to try and examine a variety of causes, preferably ones that come from different fields, and prove how they contributed to a particular effect. If you are writing about World War I, for example, mention the political, cultural, and historic factors that led to the great war.
By examining a range of fundamental causes, you will be able to demonstrate your mastery of the topic.
Here is how to structure this type of essay:
- Cause #1
- Cause #2
- Cause #3 (and so on…)
- The effect of the causes
One cause, many effects
This type of cause and effect essay is constructed to show the various effects of a particular event, problem, or decision. Once again, you will have to demonstrate your comprehensive knowledge and analytical mastery of the field. There is no need to persuade the reader or present your argument. When writing this kind of essay, an in-depth knowledge of the problem or event’s roots will be of great benefit. If you know why it happened, it will be much easier to write about the effects.
Here is the structure for this kind of essay:
- The Cause
- Effect #1
- Effect #2
- Effect #3 (and so on…)
Chain of causes and effects
This is the most challenging type. You need to maintain a chain of logic that demonstrates a sequence of actions and consequences, leading to the end of the chain. Although this is usually the most interesting kind of cause and effect essay, it can also be the most difficult to write.
Here is the outline structure:
- Cause #1
- Effect #1 = Cause #2
- Effect #2 = Cause #3
- Effect #3 = Cause #4 (and so on…)
Cause and Effect Essay Outline Example
Let’s take a look at an example. Below, you will find an outline for the topic “The causes of obesity” (Type 1):
- Introduction: Nowadays, people are overweight because of their increasing consumption of unhealthy food, a lack of physical activity, and their refusal to work with fitness trainers.
- People are eating a lot of unhealthy food that is cheap, easy-to-consume and contains a lot of calories. (Include statistics: how many people regularly consume unhealthy food.)
- People don’t move enough. Causes: inactive jobs, laziness, and not enough information about the consequences.
- People don’t want to visit a specialist. If they did, they would be informed about the causes of obesity and offered a plan to solve the problem.
- Effect: Until those problems are solved, people will become more and more obese. (Include a prognosis about obesity rates over the next decade.)
- Conclusion: Junk food, a lack of physical activity, and a refusal to visit a doctor are the three leading causes of obesity. We hope that the situation will change. (Include some examples of what each person can do about the problem)
As you can see, we used a blended strategy here. When writing about the ever-increasing consumption of unhealthy food, it is logical to talk about the marketing strategies that encourage people to buy fast foods. If you are discussing fitness trainers, it is important to mention that people need to be checked by a doctor more often, etc.
How do I start writing once I have drafted the structure?
If you start by structuring each paragraph and collecting suitable examples, the writing process will be much simpler. The final essay might not come up as a classic five paragraph essay – it all depends on the cause-effect chain and the number of statements of your essay.
In the Introduction, try to give the reader a general idea of what the cause and effect essay will contain. For an experienced reader, a thesis statement will be an indication that you know what you are writing about. It is also important to emphasize how and why this problem is relevant to modern life. If you ever need to write about the Caribbean crisis, for instance, state that the effects of the Cold War are still apparent in contemporary global politics.
In the Body, provide plenty of details about what causes led to the effects. Once again, if you have already assembled all the causes and effects with their relevant examples when writing your plan, you shouldn’t have any problems. But, there are some things to which you must pay particular attention. To begin with, try to make each paragraph the same length: it looks better visually. Then, try to avoid weak or unconvincing causes. This is a common mistake, and the reader will quickly realize that you are just trying to write enough characters to reach the required word count.
Moreover, you need to make sure that your causes are actually linked to their effects. This is particularly important when you write a “chained” cause and effect essay (type 3). You need to be able to demonstrate that each cause was actually relevant to the final result. As I mentioned before, writing the Body without preparing a thorough and logical outline is often an omission.
The Conclusion must be a summary of the thesis statement that you proposed in the Introduction. An effective Conclusion means that you have a well-developed understanding of the subject. Writing the Conclusion can be one of the most challenging parts of this kind of project. You typically write the Conclusion once you have finished the Body, but in practice, you will sometimes find that a well-written conclusion will reveal a few mistakes of logic in the Body!
Cause and Effect Essay Sample
Be sure to check the sample essay, completed by our writers. Use it as an example to write your own cause and effect essay. Link: cause and effect essay sample: advertising ethic issues.
Tips and Common Mistakes from Our Expert Writers